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There is no defense based around lack of knowledge of the victim's age. Close in age exemptions, commonly known as "Romeo and Juliet laws", are put in place to prevent the prosecution of individuals who engage in consensual sexual activity when both participants are significantly close in age to each other, and one or both partners are below the age of consent.Because there is no such "Romeo and Juliet law" in New York, it is possible for two individuals both under the age of 17 who willingly engage in intercourse to both be prosecuted for statutory rape, although this is rare.Updated on: 2/3/2015 Amending the sex designation on a birth certificate may be an extremely important step for a transgender person, to accurately reflect on this legal document the sex with which the individual identifies, and as required proof of sex to obtain other identity and legal documents. Amendments related to parentage or gender change shall result in the creation of a replacement certificate that supersedes the original, and shall in no way reveal the original language changed by the amendment. The requirements and process to change the sex designation on a birth certificate, and whether that is even possible, varies from state to state.
The information has been compiled from various sources, including standard legal materials and anecdotal accounts of practices in various states. (b) A written statement by a physician that verifies the sex change operation or chromosomal count. Summary: Arkansas will issue a birth certificate reflecting the proper sex. Health & Safety Code 103430(a), contains substantially the following: “I, (physician's full name), (physician's medical license or certificate number), am a licensed physician in (jurisdiction). Summary: Colorado will issue a birth certificate reflecting the proper sex.
For example, California, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, and New York reserve their harshest statutory rape penalty for offenders who are age 21 or older.
(1) If the minor is under age 15, five years in prison; (2) if the offender is at least age 18 or is tried as an adult and the minor was age 12 or younger, life in prison and the offender is ineligible for release until serving 35 years; (3) if the offender is at least 18 or tried as an adult and the victim is age 12, 13, or 14, the presumptive sentence is 20 years; or (4) if the minor is at least age 15, it is punishable by one year in prison Sexual assault to knowingly inflicts sexual intrusion or sexual penetration on a victim (1) under age 15 if the actor is at least four years older or (2) at least 15 years old but less than 17 years old and the actor is at least 10 years older.
Summary: Alaska will issue a birth certificate reflecting the proper sex.
Only the commissioner may amend birth certificates to reflect changes concerning parentage or gender change.
One or more of these charges may be used to prosecute violations of the New York Age of Consent, as statutory rape or the New York equivalent of that charge.